Same problem here, english shortcodes on the blog page. See Pagination here:
It worked well with version 2.5, but not with 2.7 – I’ve just installed the new version an hour ago. Everywhere else translations show up, but not in the blog.
By the way, in the blog overview, using Firefox mobile, only the featured image of the latest post shows up. No problems on other mobile browsers.
Best regards, Christian